Constitution & By-Laws
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION I. AUTHORITY
good people of this organization, who in aggregate shall constitute the Company
and bear equal responsibility for its civil affairs, have the full power of
Impeachment and to enact By-laws, levy War, contract Alliances, establish
Commerce, and to do all other acts and things in its own interest which an
independent organization may of right do. The powers not delegated to the Company
by these By-laws, nor prohibited by them, are reserved to the good people of
SECTION II. MISSION
The objective of this organization is to
portray Company A of the Second Cavalry Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers, during the
War for Southern Independence. This organization shall also be devoted to
honoring the memory of the brave soldiers and citizens of the Southern
Confederacy, who fought against Federal Tyranny for the cause of States' Rights and
Constitutional Liberty, by re-enacting their struggle in a manner which is
authentic, professional, educational, safe, and enjoyable.
SECTION III. NAME
Whereas, a militia company named the Lexington Rifles was raised and established by Captain John Hunt Morgan at Lexington, Kentucky in 1857, and was later designated as Company A of the Lexington Battalion in the 1st Regiment of the Kentucky State Guard, and
Whereas, the Lexington Rifles was mustered as Morgan's Company into military service for the Confederate States by Major William Preston Johnston at Woodsonville, Kentucky on 27 October 1861, and was later designated as Company A of Morgan's Cavalry Squadron in the Army of Central Kentucky, and
Whereas, after having gained renown under the sobriquet of "Morgan's Raiders", Morgan’s Squadron became the nucleus for formation of the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry upon organization of that regiment by Colonel John Hunt Morgan at Chattanooga, Tennessee in June 1862, and
response to the tyrannical usurpations by the Federal government of the United States against the people of Kentucky, Morgan
and his men committed themselves to fight in defense of liberty against
despotism and the enemies of freedom, thereby establishing a reputation as a
formidable force which became famous in the annals of warfare for cunning,
gallantry, and valor,
by the good people of this
organization, that this Company of Confederates shall henceforth be known as the "Lexington
Rifles", and that it may also be referred to as
or as "Company A, 2nd Kentucky
SECTION IV. MOTTO
Basil Wilson Duke, who served as First Lieutenant of
Morgan’s Company and as Colonel of the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry, was a noted
post-bellum author and historian, and
Whereas, the book "History of Morgan's Cavalry", which was written by Duke and first published in 1867, is recognized as being an authoritative and historically reliable account of the subject, and
Whereas, Chapter V of Duke’s book bears reference to the motto – "Our Laws, the Commands of Our Captain – which was prominently displayed at the entrance to the Lexington Rifles Armory at Main and Upper Streets in Lexington, Kentucky,
Now, Therefore, Be It Resolved, by the good people of this organization, that those words and that sentiment shall be retained as the official motto of this Company.
SECTION I. BOARD OF DIRECTORS
elected Board of Directors shall
have the power and the duty to conduct civil affairs on behalf of the Company,
and shall be bound to support these By-Laws.
Any unilateral decision
made by a board member may be overridden by vote of the Company. The
descriptions and responsibilities of these offices are herein provided.
1.) The Chief of Staff shall preside over civil meetings and disciplinary hearings, and is responsible for preparing an agenda for such proceedings.
2.) The Chief of Staff is empowered to authorize payment of any debt not exceeding $50 United States currency, or $850 Confederate States currency.
of Staff may appoint committee members and temporarily fill vacant civil offices
until proper elections take place in accordance with these By-laws.
1.) The Adjutant shall assume all responsibilities of the chief executive officer if ever the Chief of Staff is unable to discharge the duties of that office.
2.) The Adjutant is empowered to cast a deciding vote in all cases of a tie.
1.) The Company Clerk shall notify members of the time, place, and proposed agenda of meetings and hearings, and shall keep the minutes of all such proceedings.
2.) The Company Clerk shall register the Company for attendance at scheduled events.
Clerk shall act as elections judge by conducting elections, by
number of voting points accrued, and by tallying election results.
1.) The Paymaster is responsible for the deposit of U.S. and C.S. currency, script, gold, and other valuables in the name and to the credit of the Company in such depositories as may be designated by the Board of Directors.
2.) The Paymaster is empowered to disburse Treasury funds for the payment of any debt which is owed by the Company, and to collect any debt which is owed to it.
3.) The Paymaster is responsible for preparing an annual operating budget for the Company, which shall estimate expected revenues and disbursements for the year.
4.) The Paymaster will investigate revenue evasion; counterfeiting; forgery; smuggling; and the distillation of illicit spirits within the ranks.
SECTION I. SPECIAL ORDERS
A set of rules, regulations, and procedures for governing the operation of the Company will be compiled in a separate body of Special Orders which may be adopted, changed, or deleted by majority of a quorum.
SECTION II. FINANCIAL AFFAIRS
The Company shall maintain a Treasury and operate on an approved budget during the fiscal year, which will run concurrently with the calendar year, for which deficits and surpluses will be carried forward. To ensure operation without deficit, the budget may be financially supported through the levying of dues, imposts, and fees in accordance with rules as are set forth in the Special Orders.
SECTION III. COMMITTEES
may be appointed to act in an advisory role by researching
issues and offering recommendations to the Company. They may
also be responsible for
certain services and functions of the Company.
Multiple committees dealing with identical or competing issues are
allowed, providing they each have the required sponsorship. Nothing
in this section is meant to preclude any member from offering
proposals to the Company for its consideration.
Authenticity Committee shall
provide oversight for historical accuracy of members' dress, equipment, and
behavior; and has jurisdiction to recommend standards for their adoption.
Recruiting Committee shall provide oversight
for recruitment and orientation
of new members; and has jurisdiction to
organize efforts for the purpose of recruiting.
3.) The Attendance Committee shall provide oversight for matters involving members' participation; and has jurisdiction to adjudicate the awarding of voting points.
SECTION IV. MEETINGS
Company shall meet at a time and place that is convenient to its members, for
which purpose an agenda will be published, and no other business
extraneous of it will be conducted unless by consent of a majority in
attendance. A quorum will be met by majority of the entire membership, but
the lack of a quorum will not affect the proceedings unless a point of order is
raised. “Robert’s Rules of Order, Newly Revised”
govern the procedure of these meetings.
1.) Call to Order
3.) Official Reports
4.) Old Business
5.) New Business
SECTION V. JUDICIAL AFFAIRS
In the interest of preserving
civil order and
administering justice fairly, disciplinary hearings may be conducted to
enforce the By-Laws and the Special Orders of the
1.) Complaint – A complaint alleging violation of these By-Laws or the Special Orders by a member may be brought forth only be another member. Such charge shall bear details of the complaint and be filed with the Chief of Staff, who will determine if there are reasonable grounds for the complaint. If none exist, the complaint will be dismissed as unfounded.
2.) Indictment – In cases where reasonable grounds for the complaint are found, a hearing to present the evidence before a Tribunal shall be convened by the Chief of Staff.
3.) Hearing – The accused will have the right to be confronted by witnesses against him, to have witnesses appear in his favor, and to have assistance of counsel for his defense. No member shall be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy, nor shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.
3.) Verdict – Following presentation of the evidence, the jury will deliberate on a verdict and shall find the accused either guilty or not guilty of the charge. A verdict of not guilty will result in acquittal of the accused.
In cases of conviction through
verdict of guilt, the
Tribunal will determine the sentence, which may be imposed or stayed at the discretion
of the judge. Judgment will be
final with no option to appeal.
SECTION VI. DISSOLUTION
This organization may dissolve and terminate its affairs at a properly convened meeting of the Company, assembled, by unanimous ratification of a resolution proposing such action.
SECTION I. TYPES
are two types of authorized membership status –
Active Duty and
are granted solely by the Company at its discretion.
SECTION II. REQUIREMENTS
Duty members shall subscribe to these By-Laws and be able to demonstrate a level of competence,
authenticity, knowledge, skill, and safety in their historical portrayal which
would assist the Company toward fulfillment of its mission.
SECTION III. ELIGIBILITY
for the restrictions noted herein, all free persons over the age of 16 who subscribe to the
and Special Orders of this organization are eligible to petition for membership.
Those under the age of 18 must have the consent of a parent, guardian, or
1.)In order to prevent overrepresentation of women in an organization portraying 19th-century military standards, membership by females is limited to married lady re-enactors whose husbands are members; such status existing concurrently with that of their husbands' tenure.
free association of unmarried female re-enactors with this organization is not
prohibited, but unmarried females are not eligible for membership.
In order to be considered for
induction, a recruit must earn a minimum of twelve voting points
within the prior period of thirteen consecutive months.
Former members are eligible to petition for reinstatement, contingent upon payment of any debt owed to the Company and subject to meeting the requirements within these By-Laws.
1.) In order to be considered for induction, a former member must earn a minimum of six voting points within the prior period of thirteen consecutive months.
.SECTION IV. ALLEGIANCE
Based upon a mutual bond of trust, fidelity, and brotherhood that is considered to exist between members of this organization, members have a duty of allegiance in primus to the Company.
A.Conflict of Interest
Members are prohibited from engaging in conduct, as is herein provided, that conflicts with the interests of this organization.
1.) Treason by levying war against the Confederate States, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort; a practice that is commonly referred to as "galvanizing".
2.)Disloyalty through unauthorized service to another organization of the Confederate States.
with any organization which would otherwise impugn or denigrate the
good name and reputation of the Company or of the Confederate States.
SECTION V. ABROGATION
Membership status may be abrogated by means as are herein provided.
will occur automatically when debt to the Company is delinquent, but is not yet
past the deadline for payment.
2.) Suspension may occur by order of the judicial Tribunal as a consequence of conviction in a disciplinary hearing.
1.) Resignation may occur voluntarily, and without reason or prejudice, by tendering official notice to any member of the Board of Directors.
will occur automatically when debt to the Company is delinquent after the
deadline for payment has passed.
3.) Cashiering may occur by order of the judicial Tribunal as a consequence of conviction in a disciplinary hearing.
SECTION I. VOTING
of Company business will be decided by democratic vote at properly convened
All deliberative issues, other than office elections and the selection of
an event schedule, shall be decided by voice, by show of hands, or by
non-weighted secret ballot at the discretion of the presiding officer.
With exception of the two-thirds majority that is required for
amending these By-Laws, all issues will be decided by majority of the quorum.
SECTION II. ELECTIONS
order for members to
have a voice that is proportional to their individual participation, office
elections and the selection of an event schedule shall be conducted by weighted
1.) One point will be earned for each day’s participation at an approved event.
point will be added as a bonus for each of the following events or
The annual convention; any approved fund raising event and/or social
event; and attendance on consecutive days of an approved multi-day event.
SECTION I. REGULATIONS"Regulations for the Army of the Confederate States", including the "Articles of War", and all other laws appertaining to the guidance of the Army – both Volunteer and Regular – as enacted by Congress and published by authority of the War Department from 1861-1864, will govern the military affairs of this Company and nothing contrary to them will be enjoined or permitted.
The Company shall consist of a maximum of one-hundred officers and men. At that strength, the Company shall be divided into two platoons. Platoons shall be divided into sections, and sections shall be divided into squads.
Army regulations authorize the following personnel for a Company of Cavalry: one Captain, one First Lieutenant, one Second Lieutenant, one brevet Second Lieutenant (also referred to as "Third" Lieutenant), one First Sergeant, four Sergeants, eight Corporals; from sixty-four to eighty-two Privates, one Farrier, one Blacksmith, and two Buglers.
Lexington Rifles who took the oath of service at the Green River Baptist Church in Woodsonville, Kentucky on October 27, 1861,
there was one Captain, one First Lieutenant, two Second Lieutenants,
one First Sergeant, five Sergeants, two Corporals, and sixty-four Privates.
SECTION II. RANK
military members shall hold the permanent rank of private, with positions of
higher rank attainable in accordance with these By-Laws and the Special Orders.
Persons who are elected or promoted to higher rank shall have the power
and duty to conduct military affairs commensurate with their rank.
The descriptions and responsibilities of these positions are herein
senior rank company-grade line officer who commands the Company,
and who is responsible for its administration, welfare, and the completion of its missions.
2.) Lieutenant (First and Second grades) is and who assists the Captain in the performance of his duties.
First Sergeant is
senior grade non-commissioned officer who is charged with authority over all enlisted
soldiers in the Company, and who is responsible for managing its operation.
2.) Sergeant is a non-commissioned officer who is charged with authority at the section level, and who is responsible for its supervision and the completion of its duties.
3.) Corporal is a junior grade non-commissioned officer who is charged with authority at the squad level, and who is responsible for its direction.
4.) Private but who may hold positions of responsibility and special assignment.
RATIFICATION & AMENDMENTS
SECTION I. RATIFICATION
petitioners in convention, assembled, invoking the favor and guidance of
Almighty God for the rectitude of our intentions, and by authority of the good
people of this organization, do ordain and hereby establish this
Constitution and these By-Laws for
the Lexington Rifles – Company A, 2nd Cavalry Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers.
In doing so, the petitioners solemnly publish and declare that this Company is
free and independent, and is absolved from all allegiance to any other
organization except the Confederate States of America.
SECTION II. AMENDMENTS
By-Laws may be amended upon ratification by two-thirds of Company members.
Any amendment which adopts, changes, or deletes any provision thereof shall revise the
main body of the original text; and the date and place
the ratification shall be recorded.
Beach Park, Illinois.
Beach Park, Illinois.